Answering Roman Catholicism

14 - God's Purpose for Good Works: Not What Rome Claims It Is

By Dr. Paul M. Elliott
Good works do not, as Rome claims, contribute to the salvation of a soul. But anyone who persists in thinking that good works do not matter at all is not a Christian.

From the TeachingtheWord Bible Knowledgebase

Part fourteen of a series. Read part thirteen.

Good works do not, as Rome claims, contribute to the salvation of a soul. But anyone who persists in thinking that good works do not matter at all is not a Christian.

We have seen that Scripture decisively disproves Roman Catholicism's assertion that good works contribute to an individual's salvation. But many Roman Catholics accuse Bible-believing Christians of holding this position: since our salvation is all of grace, good works do not matter in the Christian life. We can say emphatically, on the authority of Scripture, that anyone who persists in such thinking is not a Christian. The Bible thoroughly condemns such thinking. This was the error that the Apostle Paul had in mind when he wrote these words to the church at Rome:

And why not say, "Let us do evil that good may come"? - as we are slanderously reported and as some affirm that we say. Their condemnation is just. (Romans 3:8)

Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly not! How shall we who died to sin live any longer in it? Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. (Romans 6:1-4)

Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one's slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. (Romans 6:15-17)

It is worth noting that these passages condemn the "come as you are, stay as you are" teaching that we find in much of 21st-century Evangelicalism - the assertion that an individual can claim to be born again, but exhibit no evidence of a changed life. One example of the growing foothold this evil doctrine is gaining today is the detestable claim of many self-described evangelical pastors that there can be such a person as a "gay Christian".

On the contrary, the Holy Spirit through Paul declares that good works are what we might call the "signature behavior" - the identifying behavior - of the true child of God:

For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast. For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them. (Ephesians 2:8-10)

The Holy Spirit through the Apostle Paul commended the believers in Colosse for giving such evidence that they were indeed God's workmanship:

For this reason we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you, and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; that you may walk worthy of the Lord, fully pleasing Him, being fruitful in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God; strengthened with all might, according to His glorious power, for all patience and longsuffering with joy; giving thanks to the Father who has qualified us to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in the light. (Colossians 1:9-12)

A walk that is worthy of the Lord means, Paul says, "fully pleasing Him." It means pursuing the goal of pleasing the Lord in all areas of life, without exception. Walking worthy of the Lord means continually bearing the right kind of fruit. A more accurate translation of Colossians 2:10 would be: "in every work which is good, constantly bearing fruit and increasing in bearing fruit, by means of the thorough and accurate knowledge of God."

This passage raises a crucial question: What constitutes "good works" in the eyes of God? As we look at Scripture we find that the word that is translated "good" means that which is by its nature pleasing (that is, pleasing to God), that which is upright and honorable in His sight.

So practically speaking, how do we know what constitutes "good works"? Colossians 2:9-10 tells us that we know this by understanding God's will. That knowledge comes by increasing our knowledge of God Himself, by reading and studying His Word.

Every Christian must remember a vital fact about good works: Christ is the root, good works are the fruit. That is the proper order. Christians are not Christians because of their good works. Christians are Christians because they believe on the Lord Jesus Christ. That is the order. Christ comes first. He is preeminent. He takes up residence in the heart of the believer, and good works result.

Christians are able to be fruitful in good works, bringing forth fruit that is pleasing to God, because of our position in Christ. That is what Paul tells the Colossian believers. In Colossians 1:4 he tells them that it is because of "your faith in Christ Jesus and your [resulting] love for all the saints; because of the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, of which you heard before in the Word of the truth of the Gospel, which has come to you, as it has also in all the world, and is bringing forth fruit, as it is also among you since the day you heard and knew the grace of God in truth."

This leads us to a second crucial question: What, then, is the purpose of good works?

Good works are believers' love-offerings to God. Ephesians 5:2 tells us that our walk in Christ, our good works in Christ, are the sweet-smelling aroma of a sacrificial love-offering to God. We find the same thought at the beginning of Romans chapter 12:

I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.

Good works are our witness to the unsaved. The fruit of which Paul speaks in Colossians is not the saving of souls as such, but rather it is our witness to unsaved souls, which God the Holy Spirit uses as one of the means by which He brings lost souls to faith in Christ.

Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven. (Matthew 5:16)

Beloved, I beg you as sojourners and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the soul, having your conduct honorable among the Gentiles [that is, among the unsaved], that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may, by your good works which they observe, glorify God in the day of visitation [that is, when God brings any of them to faith in Christ because of your witness] (1 Peter 2:11-12).

Good works are our edifying example to our fellow believers:

In all things showing yourself to be a pattern of good works; in doctrine showing integrity, reverence, incorruptibility (Titus 2:7)

Good works are the means by which we minister to the needs of our fellow believers.

And let our people also learn to maintain good works, to meet urgent needs, that they may not be unfruitful (Titus 3:14).

The Biblical definition of good works is not merely "good deeds." Biblical "good works" encompass every aspect of our thinking and conduct before God. "Good works" encompass not only caring for the poor, but behaving in a godly way toward your employer. "Good works" encompass not only giving to the work and ministry of the church, but truly loving those within it. "Good works" encompass not only distributing Bibles to those who have none, but seeking to understand, believe, and live everything that is between the covers yourself. There is a "signature conduct" that the world should see in every true Christian. The world that seeks to criticize us should have its mouth stopped because it sees this kind of new life in us.

Good works are an integral part of God's eternal plan, and therefore they are our highest responsibility.

For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them (Ephesians 2:10).

[Christ] gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed and purify for Himself His own special people, zealous for good works (Titus 2:14).

This is the proper nature of what are truly good works in the eyes of God - not to please ourselves, but to please Christ. Salvation in Christ is the root, good works are the fruit, and our good works are part of God's plan for Christians to bear witness to the lost world, and to be an example and blessing to others, especially for the edification of our fellow believers.

It is no exaggeration to say that believers' good works have cosmic purposes. They are an integral part of God's eternal plan to "bring many sons to glory" (Hebrews 2:10).

...His divine power has given to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him who called us by glory and virtue, by which have been given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these you may be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. But also for this very reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, to virtue knowledge, to knowledge self-control, to self-control perseverance, to perseverance godliness, to godliness brotherly kindness, and to brotherly kindness love. For if these things are yours and abound, you will be neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. (2 Peter 1:3-8)

Next: Is the True Church Visible or Invisible?


Copyright 1998-2024


All rights reserved. This article may be reproduced in its entirety only,
for non-commercial purposes, provided that this copyright notice is included.

We also suggest that you include a direct hyperlink to this article
for the convenience of your readers.

Copyright 1998-2024 TeachingTheWord Ministries